Here is a classic question that is posed to expose this potential weakness in the utilitarian approach to ethical reasoning: Why not kill and harvest the organs of one healthy person in order to save five patients who will go on to live happy lives?
How do you decide who receives the medication? As we discussed in utilitarianism, a flaw with consequentialist thinking is that we can never really know what the results of an action will be. If you are a parent, you are obligated to take care of your children.
Utilitarianism is a specific type of consequentialism that focuses on the greatest good for the greatest number. In addition, the more good consequences that occur from an act, the better or more ethical that act should be judged.
Those who favor this theory may hold that certain virtues like compassion, honesty, and integrity transcend time and culture.
Are affluent individuals and countries obligated to try to prevent starvation, malnutrition, and poverty wherever we find them in the world? Power—How much decision-making authority does the stakeholder have over the situation?